189 vs 190 visa

189 VS 190 Visa: Which One Suits You?

Are you dreaming of calling Australia your new sweet home? This aspiration can turn into a perfect reality for skilled workers. All thanks to General Skilled Migration visas. However, like many individuals intending to immigrate to Australia, you might be confused about which one to pursue. Therefore, we aim to provide you with information on the 189 vs 190 visa.

The decision between the Subclass 189 and 190 visas can be a game-changer. Imagine having the power to choose where you live and work versus committing to a specific state for a couple of years.

In this blog post, we’re breaking down the nitty-gritty of the 189 and 190 visas, making it crystal clear which one might just be your golden ticket to permanent residency.

189 VS 190 Visa:

Subclass 190: State-Nominated Visa

The Subclass 190 visa stands as a pathway for skilled individuals seeking Australian permanent residency with the endorsement of a specific state or territory. As a state-nominated visa, applicants must meet the eligibility criteria set by the chosen region, demonstrating a genuine intent to live and work in Australia. The cornerstone of eligibility lies in the inclusion of the applicant’s occupation on the designated state’s occupational list. This list typically reflects the region’s economic needs and skill shortages.

Applicants are required to accumulate a minimum of 65 points, which are allocated based on various characteristics such as age, language proficiency, work experience, and educational qualifications. Achieving this point threshold showcases the applicant’s suitability for the skilled migration program. The Subclass 190 visa not only requires meeting federal eligibility standards but also securing a nomination from a particular Australian state or territory, emphasizing the collaborative effort between the applicant and the chosen region.

Subclass 189: Independent Skilled Visa

In contrast, the Subclass 189 visa is designed for skilled workers who possess the autonomy to apply for Australian permanent residency independently, without the need for state or territory sponsorship. To be eligible, applicants must feature on the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL), demonstrating that their skills are in demand across the entire nation.

Similar to the Subclass 190, a crucial requirement is the attainment of a minimum of 65 points in the comprehensive point-test system. These points are allocated based on factors like age, language proficiency, work experience, and education. Unlike the Subclass 190, the Subclass 189 visa does not necessitate nomination by a specific Australian state or territory. This independence grants applicants the freedom to choose their place of residence and work within Australia based on personal preferences and opportunities. The Subclass 189 visa caters to skilled professionals who value the flexibility of selecting their location without the ties of state-specific obligations.

Point System Of 189 vs 190 Visa:

Understanding The Point System Of Subclass 189:


Category  Requirement  Points 
Age  18 to 25 years  25 
  25 to 33 years  30 
  33 to n 40 years  25 
  40 to 45 years  15 
English Language Skills  Competent English 
  Proficient English  10 
  Superior English  20 
Skilled Employment Experience (Overseas)  Less than 3 years 
  3 to 5 years 
  5 to 8 years  10 
  8 years or more   15 
Skilled Employment Experience (Australia)  Less than 1 year 
  1 to 3 years 
  3 to 5 years  10 
  5 to 8 years  15 
  At least 8 years  20 
Educational Qualifications  Doctorate from Australian institution or recognized standard  20 
  Bachelor’s degree from Australian institution or recognized standard  15 
  Diploma or trade qualification from an Australian institution  10 
  Qualification recognized by assessing authority for a nominated occupation  10 
Specialist Education Qualification  Masters or Doctorate degree from   Australian institution (specified fields)  10 
Australian Study Requirement  At least 1 qualification from Australian educational institution 
Professional Year

 in Australia 

Completed Professional Year in Accounting, ICT/Computing, or Engineering 
Credentialled Community Language  Recognized qualification in credentialled community language 
Study in Regional


Qualification obtained while living and studying in eligible regional area 
Partner Skills (Age, English, Skill Criteria)  Partner is an applicant, meets criteria, and same skilled occupation list  10 
  Partner is an applicant, has competent English, and not Australian PR/Citizen 
  Single or partner is an Australian citizen/PR  10 


Understanding The Point System Of Subclass 190:


Characteristics  Points Allocation 
18 to 25 years  25 points 
25 to 33 years  30 points 
33 to 40 years  25 points 
40 to 45 years  15 points 
English Language Skills   
Competent English  0 points 
Proficient English  10 points 
Superior English  20 points 
Skilled Employment Experience   
Overseas Skilled Employment (Outside Australia)   
Fewer than 3 years  0 points 
3 to 5 years  5 points 
5 to 8 years  10 points 
8 years  15 points 
Australian Skilled Employment (In Australia)   
Less than 1 year  0 points 
1 to 3 years  5 points 
3 to 5 years  10 points 
5 to 8 years  15 points 
8 years  20 points 
Educational Qualifications   
Doctorate from an Australian institution  20 points 
Bachelor degree from Australia  15 points 
Diploma or trade qualification from Australia  10 points 
Qualification recognized by assessing authority  10 points 
Specialist Education Qualification   
Masters/Doctorate in specific fields  10 points 
Australian Study Requirement   
Meet Australian study requirement  5 points 
Professional Year in Australia   
Completion of a Professional Year  5 points 
Credentialled Community Language   
Hold a recognized qualification  5 points 
Study in Regional Australia   
Qualification obtained in eligible regional area  5 points 
Partner Skills   
Partner meets criteria (not citizen/resident)  10 points 
Single or partner is citizen/resident  10 points 
Nominated by State/Territory and not withdrawn  5 points 


189 VS 190 Visa: Which One Suits You?

It is great that now you have learnt about the point system of both subclasses of 189 and 190. In order to make an informed decision, you must be aware of different factors. Let’s have an overview of them:

 1. Sponsorship Requirement:

189 Visa: This visa does not require sponsorship from a specific Australian state. It provides individuals with the freedom to choose where they want to live and work within the country. Applicants are assessed based on their skills and qualifications without a state’s endorsement. There are no restrictions on the choice of location. Thus, it provides a high degree of independence to the visa holder.

190 Visa: In contrast, the 190 visa demands nomination by a particular Australian state or te rritory. The applicant must make a commitment to reside and work in the sponsoring state or territory for a minimum of two years after the visa is granted. This requirement not only restricts the flexibility of choosing a location within Australia, but also limits the freedom to explore job opportunities in different parts of the country.

2. Occupation List:

189 Visa: To be eligible for the 189 visa, your occupation must be on the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL). This list comprises occupations considered in demand across the country.

190 Visa: For the 190 visa, the nominated occupation must be on the specific state’s list. States typically select occupations that are in high demand locally to address their unique skill shortages. Therefore, states tailor them accordingly.

3. Invitation Rounds:

189 Visa: The federal government issues invitations for the 189 visa on a monthly basis. This regularity provides a predictable schedule for applicants.

190 Visa: In contrast, the 190 visa operates on a different system. State and territory governments conduct their own invitation rounds based on their individual needs and shortages. This can result in varying frequencies. Sometimes, state may grant more 190 subclass invitation rounds compared to 189 visa.

4. Frequency of Rounds:

189 Visa: Due to the impact of COVID-19, invitation rounds for the 189 visa are conducted quarterly. This is a measure to manage the flow of applications during the pandemic.

190 Visa: The frequency of invitation rounds for the 190 visa varies between states and territories. Each jurisdiction determines its needs and conducts invitation rounds accordingly.

5. Occupation Ceiling:

189 Visa: The 189 visa has occupation ceilings, which means there is a maximum limit on the number of Expressions of Interest (EOIs) that can be issued for specific occupations. This is determined by the Australian government.

190 Visa: States and territories have the authority to select applicants based on their specific needs, without being constrained by national occupation ceilings. This allows for more flexibility in responding to local demand.

6. Additional Criteria:

189 Visa: Typically, the 189 visa does not involve additional state-specific requirements. Applicants are primarily assessed based on the points system and federal criteria.

190 Visa: Some Australian states may impose specific criteria for certain occupations beyond the standard federal requirements. These additional criteria are designed to address the unique needs of each state.

7. Application Process:

189 Visa: The application process for the 189 visa is independent. Applicants submit their Expressions of Interest (EOIs) to the federal government without requiring nomination from a state or territory.

190 Visa: The 190 visa requires state or territory nomination as an additional step in the application process. Applicants need to be selected by a specific region before they can proceed with the visa application.

8. Visa Benefits:

189 Visa: Successful applicants for the 189 visa are granted permanent residency in Australia. They enjoy full work rights and have access to public services.

190 Visa: The benefits of the 190 visa are similar to the 189 visa. Applicants get permanent residency, full work rights, and access to public services.


So, have you decided between 189 VS 190 Visa. In conclusion, both the 189 and 190 visas offer pathways to permanent residency in Australia for skilled individuals. The choice between the two depends on personal preferences, career goals, and the willingness to comply with specific state requirements.

The 189 visa is suitable for those who prioritize independence and flexibility. On the other hand, the 190 visa is ideal for individuals willing to commit to a specific state. Australia’s diverse opportunities await skilled migrants, and a comprehensive understanding of the visa details is essential for a successful application.

How The Migration Can Help You?

The Migration is a 5-year-old platform designed to help countless individuals like you. We ensure that applicants are granted visas. Our experienced team sticks with you from the moment of initiating the application process till the visa grant, ensuring that you get to experience an effortless experience. If you want to proudly call Australia your sweet home, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. Book our consultation to gain Australian permanent residency.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1:Do both visas lead to permanent residency in Australia?

Yes, both the 189 and 190 visas grant permanent residency to visa holders.

Q2: Can I apply for a 190 visa if my occupation is not on the state’s list?

No, the 190 visa requires your occupation to be on the specific state’s list because this visa was made to address local skill shortages and economic needs.

Q3: Is the point system the same for both 189 VS 190 Visa?

Yes, the point-test system is applicable to both the 189 and 190 visas, with factors such as age, language proficiency, work experience, and education influencing the points allocation.

Q4: Can I include my family members in both the 189 and 190 visa applications?

Yes, both visas allow the inclusion of eligible family members in the application.