Difference between 189 and 190 Visa

Difference between 189 and 190 Visa – A Guide!

Australia is a popular place for skilled employees and immigrants. The Australia Government provides many work opportunities to eligible workers. The Department of Home Affairs offers Skilled Independent Visa and Skilled Nominated Visa. Both visas are for young, skilled, and experienced overseas employees. However, there’s a little difference between 189 and 190 visa.


Skilled Independent Visa 189

Skilled Independent Visa is for skilled international employees in Australia. You can stay and work in Australia indefinitely if you hold visa 189. It’s a permanent visa. Skilled workers who want to make a career in Australia must apply for visa 189. It costs nearly AUD 4,115. You can also sponsor your eligible relatives to apply for PR in Australia.


Skilled overseas workers under 45 years of age can apply for visa 189. As this is a points-tested visa. So, you must score at least 65 points on the points test. If you score more than 65, your chances of obtaining a visa 189 will be increased. If you need help to score maximum points in the points test, you can book a consultation with us.


Visa 189 lets you stay and work in Australia permanently. It also provides a multiple travel facility. You can travel from and to Australia for 5 years. You become a permanent resident of Australia from the date you get visa 189. Moreover, you can apply for Australian citizenship if you’re eligible.


Skilled Nominated Visa 190 

Visa 190 is for nominated skilled employees from overseas. Skilled workers nominated by the Australian state/territory government can apply for visa 190. The state nomination is the key difference between 189 and 190 visa. It’s a permanent visa. You can live and work in Australia permanently with visa 190. If you’re under the age of 45, you can be eligible for this visa.


Submission of Expression of Interest (EOI) must be done through SkillSelect. You’ll be given points on the basis of claims you make in EOI. Visa 190 is based on a points test. Therefore, you need at least 65 points in the points test to get this visa. The Department of Home Affairs will not invite you for visa 190 if you score below 65.


Make sure you choose an occupation relevant to the Skilled Occupation List. You must have a skills assessment for your nominated occupation. Visa 190 costs around AUD 4,115. You can also add a family member to your visa application. However, there’ll be separate charges for a family member who applies with you.


Difference between 189 and 190 Visa

People frequently ask about the difference between 189 and 190 Visa who want to work in Australia.


Here’s the main difference between these visas;

  • Visa 189 doesn’t require sponsorship from the Australian state/territory government.
  • Visa 190 requires you to be nominated by the Australian state/territory government.



Reasons Why You’re Not Invited For Subclass 189, 190 & 491 Visa | Tips to Get Over it.

What are the Eligibility Criteria for Australian Citizenship?

The Australian Government allows eligible residents to apply for citizenship in Australia. There’re a few requirements to apply for Australian Citizenship.


To be eligible for Australian citizenship, you must;

  • Have lived in Australia for a minimum of 9 months a year before applying and have been a permanent resident of Australia for at least 1 year.
  • Be a legal resident of Australia for a minimum of 4 years before you apply for Australian citizenship.
  • Be present in Australia for more than a year in the last 4 years when you apply for citizenship.
  • Be of a good character.


How Long Does 190 Visa Take to Process?

The Department of Home Affairs processes the visa applications case by case. According to individual circumstances, processing times will vary. Such as if you don’t include the complete documents, the processing time will be delayed.


Here’s the general processing time for Skilled Nominated Visa.

  • 75% of applications take 6 months to process.
  • 90% of applications take 18 months to be finalized.


You must meet the visa requirements to complete the visa process quickly. You must also pay the visa charges as well. As Home Affairs can’t process the visa applications if you don’t pay the visa fee. The processing time also depends on how quickly you respond to queries asked by Home Affairs.


How long does Visa 189 take to be processed?

Visa 189 applications are processed separately by Home Affairs. It takes Home Affairs a few months to complete your visa application after you submit it.


Typically, it concludes:

  • 25% of applicants within 23 months
  • 50% of applications within 25 months
  • 75% of applications in 3 years.
  • 90% of applications in 39 months.

Individual processing times change depending on the applicant’s unique situation and the caliber of the application submitted to the Department of Home Affairs. Many well-prepared applications are processed far more quickly and smoothly than usual.


Skilled Independent 189 Visa is the greatest immigration pathway to Australia. You can take advantage of several benefits as an Australian PR holder in addition to working. However, to avoid a delay in the 189 visa processing time, you must comply with the conditions.




Australia offers Skilled Visas 189 and 190 to skilled and eligible workers from all over the world. Many people choose Australia for permanent living. People who want to work in Australia mostly ask the difference between 189 and 190 visa. 


The main difference between 189 and 190 visa is the requirements of state sponsorship. If you apply for 190 Visa, you’re required to be sponsored by the Australian state or territory government. Whereas you don’t need this sponsorship to apply for visa 189. Both visas are permanent and give almost equal benefits.


If you want to apply for any of these visas, book a consultation with our consultancy firm.


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I’m Nasir Nawaz. I’m a registered migration consultant in Australia. I am based in Sydney. I’ve studied Master of Laws at the University of New South Wales. I’m providing immigration services for several years.

Consult with me for legal advice on Australian visas to permanently live, study, and work in Australia.